Preparation for Hajj & Umrah
What is Needed to Perform Hajj & Umrah?
Some people think that the performance of Hajj and Umrah is very complicated. Therefore,
they don't make enough effort to learn to perform the essential rites correctly
and have to pay Dam (sacrifice of an animal) as a penalty. Then some people are
put off by the lengthy Dua'as
in Arabic listed in the most books.
To put these people at ease from the very beginning, we start with the suggestion
to use the simple Dua'as
that they already know. Then the procedure
of Hajj and Umrah is presented in a simplified way.
1. SUPPLICATIONS (Dua'as)
There are no prescribed prayers for the Hajj rites, except Talbiyah which is very
short and can be memorized easily. It is:
La shareeka laka.
La shareeka lak."
( Here we come,
O Allah, here we come !
Here we come.
No partner have You.
Here we come!
Praise indeed, and blessings, are Yours---
the Kingdom too!
No partner have You!)
If you still can't remember it, you can say its translation in English or in any
other language but Talbiah or its translation is pronounced in a loud voice by men
and in a subdued voice by women.
Regarding other du'as (supplications), consider yourself in front of your Creator
and ask Him whatever you want in life and the life hereafter in your own language.
You can praise Allah Almighty in short Arabic phrases or sentences, such as,
Subhan Allah Wabe Hamde hi Subhan Allah hil Azim,
first Kalimah, etc.
Surah Fatihah "Alhamdu Lilla Hi Rab-Bil Aala Meen..." is a du'a which is recited
in every rakah of the salah. There are two very short du'as:
- Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azabin-nar.
- Allahumma antas salamu wa minkas salamu tabarakata ya dhaljalali wal ikram.
There is another du'a which is mostly recited in the salah:
Rabbij'alni muqimas salata wa min dhurriyyati Rabbana wa taqabbal du'a.
Rabbanaghfirli waliwalidaiyya wa lil mu'minina yawma yaqumul hisab.
Then there is a Darud Sharif in the salah, use that.
According to Muslim and Bukhari Sharif if you recite Surah Al-Ikhlas (given
below) three times, you get the reward (thawab) of reciting the whole Quran
and you know in Masjid al-Haraam this reward is increased 100,000 times. Subhan
Bismillahir rahmannir rahim.
Inna a'tainakal kawthar.
Fa salli lirabbika wanhar.
Inna shani'aka huwal abtar.
These are some of the surahs and du'as that you already know, you can use them repeatedly
and for the rest of the time ask your Creator whatever you want in your own language.
The literal meaning of Ihram is to make haraam (forbidden). When a haji pronounces
the Niyyah (intention) of Hajj and Umrah and utters Talbiyah, certain halaal (permissible)
things become haraam for him. This combined action (Niyyah and Talbiyah) is called
Ihram. The two sheets that a haji wears are figuratively known as Ihram but the
real Ihram is Niyyah & Talbiyah. If someone wears these two sheets and does not
declare his intention and utter Talbiyah, he does not become a Muhrim. That is why,
before Niyyah and Talbiyah, he can cover his head during two rakahs of Nafl, an
act which is not allowed in the real state of Ihram.
- Preparations for Ihram. Comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your
mustache, cut your nails, and remove unwanted body hair.
- Purification. Take a bath with the intention of Ihram otherwise
do wudu. Here it is noted that there are two ways of purification:
Ihram Sheets. Men should wear a sheet of white cloth around the
waist and cover the upper body with the other sheet. Women's ordinary clothes are
their Ihram. Both should wear the flip-flops (hawai chappal) so that the
middle bones of the upper part of the feet are not covered.
Nafl Salah. If it is not makruh (undesirable) time, offer
two rakahs of nafl for Ihram by covering your heads.
Advice. If going to Jeddah by an airplane, it is convenient to
get into the status of Ihram inside the plane. Here is what you do. Do everything
at home or at the airport except Niyyah (intention) and Talbiyah. Have your shower,
pray two rakahs of nafl but you are still not in the status of
ihram because you haven't done the main thing yet, i.e., intention and
Talbiyah which is done at or before the boundary line called Miqat.
- Purification of the body, shower or wudu.
- Internal purification, sincere repentance on your sins. Say something like this:
"O Allah, I sincerely repent on my sins and seek your forgiveness."
Go to the airplane and sit down with the white sheets on. In a Hajj flight when
you are close to Miqat, the pilot will announce that this is the border
line to make your intention and to say Talbiyah. Those who did not change their
clothes before should do so now although it is not convenient inside the plane.
Please note that:
Intention and Talbiyah. Now uncover your head and declare your
intention. It is assumed that you are performing Hajj al-Tammat'u in which Umrah
is performed first as described later in the "Kinds of Hajj".
- It is a good idea to ask at the time of boarding if the arrival of Miqat
will be announced by the pilot. If not, make your intention and say Talbiyah on
your own approximately one hour before you reach Jeddah.
- If you are flying with a group, follow the instructions of the group leader.
"O Allah! I intend to perform Umrah. Please make it easy for me and accept
it from me. Amen."
Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three times and as often afterwards
as possible. Men should say it in a loud voice but women should say it in a subdued
Du'a. After this recite Darud Sharif and supplicate to
Allah Almighty any du'a in Arabic or in your own language.
Prohibitions of Ihram. After intention and Talbiyah, you are in
the status of Ihram and from this time on you should not do acts that are forbidden
in Ihram , for example, here are some of the things a muhrim must not do:
Journey towards Makkah. When this sacred journey towards Makkah
al-Mukarrama starts, recite Talbiyah frequently on the way. Then enter the city
very humbly and with great fondness still reciting Talbiyah.
- Cover head (men), cover face (women)
- Cover the middle bone of the upper part of the feet (Both men and women))
- Shave / cut hair
- Cut nails
- Wear perfume
- Wear stitched clothing (men) / (Women can wear their ordinay clothes)
- Hunting / killing
After arranging for your residence, proceed to the Haram Sharif to perform Umrah.
Source : http://www.hajjumrahguide.com/hajj_madeasy.html