Additional Information - Visiting Madinah
Visiting Madinah (A Journey of Love)
To visit Madinah is not a Hajj or Umrah
rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet’s city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb
attract every pilgrim to visit it. There is no Ihram nor talbiyah for the visit
to Madinah or the Prophet’s Mosque.
Unique Merit of the Prophet’s Mosque.
The Prophet (peace be upon
him) himself participated in the construction of this mosque, called it "My
Mosque" and led prayers in it for years. He has also said that a salah
performed in the Prophet’s Mosque is better than a thousand salats
other place except Masjid al-Haram in Makkah.
According to Hazrat Anas, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has also said:
"The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Mosque, without missing
a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the fire of Hell and other torments
and also from hypocrisy."
Visiting the Holy Tomb.
It is a great privilege for the pilgrims
to visit our beloved Prophet’s tomb. The Prophet (peace be upon him) once said:
"The person who comes solely for the purpose of paying a visit
to my grave, has a right on me that I should intercede for him."
(‘Ilm al-Fiqh, Vol. V)
And he has also said:
"The person who performs Hajj and then visits my Tomb, will be regarded as
though he had seen me in my worldly life."
PROCEDURE TO VISIT MADINAH
- Travel to Madinah and Niyyah. When you start travel to Madinah,
Make niyyah (intention) as such:
" O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet Muhammad (peace
be upon him). Please accept it from me."
During this journey, recite Darud Sharif frequently. When the city of Madinah is
in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city while
reciting Darud and Salam.
- Masjid-e-Nabvi. After putting your luggage at your residence, take
a bath or perform ablutions (vudu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and
proceed towards the Prophet’s Mosque while uttering Darud.
- Bab-e-Jibril. Enter the mosque through Bab-e-Jibril or Bab-us-Salaam
or if this is not possible, enter through any other door.
- Right Foot. Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise
Allah (such as say Allhu Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, etc.), recite
Darud and say:
"Allah humma aftah li abwabe rahamte ka"
- Two Raka’t Nafl. If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time,
offer two rakahs of nafl tahiyyat al-masjid (greeting of the masjid) preferably
in Riaz al-Jannah near the tomb of the Prophet or otherwise anywhere else in the
- In front of the Holy Tomb.
- The Holy Prophet
- Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique
- Hadrat Umar Farooq
- In front of the sacred tomb of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), there are three
sections of brass screens and all three have holes in them. Look at the picture
carefully. If you stand in front of the middle section between the pillars, you'll
see a big round hole on your left. This is in front of the face of the Holy Prophet.
Adjacent to it is a door that stays closed. Right after it on the right side is
a round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique. On the right
of it, there is another round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Umar
Here is an enlarged view of the screen in front of the sacred face of our beloved
Prophet (peace be upon him). Standing in front of it and facing it, say in a respectful
and hushed voice:
"Assalamu alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyya wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu"
(Peace be on you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.)
After this say:
"Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah"
"Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Nabi-yallah"
"Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Habib-Allah"
Then supplicate to Allah for good things in this life and the life after death.
You may use the same supplication recited earlier during the Tawaf :
"Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azabin
- Offer Salam of others. Now offer salam of relatives or friends
in your own language or say:
"Asslamu alaika ya Rasul Allah min----."
After the word "min", add the name of your friend or relative.
- Salam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique. Then move a little to the right
and stand before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet
him and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him.
- Salam on Hazrat Umar Farooq. Again move a little to the right before
the grave of Hazrat Umar ( may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make
supplication for him.
- Forty Prayers. Men should offer forty prayers (Salat)
in the Prophet's Mosque, but it is not a requirement of any kind. It is only Mustahab,
i.e., rewarding if done, but if not done there is no sin.
- Other places to visit. Some of the other important places to visit
are: Masjid Quba, Jannat al-Baqee, graves of Hazrat Hamzah and other martyrs of
Uhud (may Allah be pleased with them) and Masjid Qiblatain, etc.
Among them Masjid Quba
is the most important. It is the first mosque
in the history of Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet Muhammad
(peace be upon him) himself on his migration to Madinah. To offer 2 raka'ats of
nafl in it is equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet’s Mosque and his tomb
every pilgrim should try his best to visit it and pray in this mosque as well.
- Departure from Madinah. When you have to leave Madinah, offer your
Salam again to the Prophet (peace be upon him), cry at this separation,
supplicate to Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back.
Source : http://www.hajjumrahguide.com/hajj_stepbystep.html