Golden snapper or red snapper are named after their red body colour. The red becomes apparent at the surface as at depth, the colour red dissipates and is a lot harder to recognise.
They are one of the most highly prized and rare kinds of fish to spear. Unlike their name, they are not a snapper at all being more closely related to orange roughy. They have a large head and eyes and an oblique mouth. There are small spines on the gill plate that can cause a very painful sting, so be wary when handling.